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888am集团登录入口_俄罗斯科技天才用技术挑战国家威权
时间:2021-03-01 来源:888am集团登录入口 浏览量 94159 次
本文摘要:London-whenaswatteamappearedatpaveldurov’sdoorinst.Petersburg,hestartedthinkingabouthisfutureinrussia .伦敦3354 he was home a “theyhadgunsandtheylookedveryserious,”said Mr. Durov,once Russia’sbiggestcelebrityentrepreneur .“theyseer”“好像打算破门而入。

London-whenaswatteamappearedatpaveldurov’sdoorinst.Petersburg,hestartedthinkingabouthisfutureinrussia .伦敦3354 he was home a “theyhadgunsandtheylookedveryserious,”said Mr. Durov,once Russia’sbiggestcelebrityentrepreneur .“theyseer”“好像打算破门而入。’他曾是俄罗斯最受欢迎的有名企业家。

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Not long ago,Mr. Durov,30,Wasseenasrussia’Smark Zuckerberg.Hefoundedasocialnetwork,VKontakte是WhichiSMorePoPularinrussiathe 在andmadeasplashbypubliclyofferingedwardsnowdenajob .旋转之前,30岁的杜罗夫被认为是俄罗斯的马克扎克伯格。他建立了社交网站VKontakte,在俄罗斯比Facebook更受欢迎。他还因公布作为爱德华斯诺登(Edward Snowden )获得工作机会而引起关注。thenthekremlintighteneditsgripovertheinternetandpresidentvladimirv.Putin’salliestookcontrolofvkontakte.MR.du root remainingss ainapril,afterresistinggovernmentpressuretoreleasethedataofukrainianprotestleaders .克里姆林宫提高了对网络的管制力,弗拉基米尔v普京总统的盟友杜洛夫最后以数百万美元出售了剩下的股票,今年4月离开了俄罗斯。

在此之前,他受到政府的压力,拒绝泄露乌克兰抗议活动领导人的相关信息。Mr. Durov,knownforhissubversivewitandanall-blackwardrobethatevokesneofromthe“Matrix”Movies, isnow a little movingfromcountrytocountryeveryfewweekswithasmallbandofcomputerprogrammers.onedayheisinparis,another in Singapore。

他现在出现了神出鬼没的流浪者,但他不会每隔几周带领一群电脑程序员从一个国家转移到另一个国家。有一天他不在巴黎,另一天不在新加坡出现。

“Me myself,I’Mnotabigfanoftheideaofcountries,”Mr. Durov said, wearingacustom-madecrossbetweenahoodieand whenhearrivedwithlittlewarninginlondonforhisfirstinterviewoutsidecyberspacesinceleave whereheappearedatatechnologyconferenceontuesday.heissurfacingtoshowcasehisnewmessagingapp,Telegram,forpeoplecraving当时,他是圣他的出现是为了在Telegram上展示专为注重隐私和安全的用户设计的新即时消息。hisodysseyreflectsthechangingnatureoftheinternetinrussia .杜罗夫的传说体现了俄罗斯互联网性质的变迁。theinternetwasonceseenasawaytodiversifyrussia’seconomybeyondoil.whenvkontaktestartedin 2006, Mr. Durov says是Heenvisionedhiscountryasatax-FreeandlibertarianutoPiafortechnologists .互联网开展俄罗斯经济摆脱对石油的依赖,走向多样化杜洛夫在2006年推出VKontakte时回答说,他理想的俄罗斯是使科学技术人员像鱼一样获得水的权利意志主义征税乌托邦。

“thebestthingaboutrussiaatthattimewastheinternetspherewascompletelynotregulated,”he said. “In some ways,itwasmorred”“在某种意义上,罗西》nowtheinternetisviewedwithsuspicionbymr.Putin是, whohascalledita“c.I.a.project”andhastakenstepstoinsulaterussiafromtherestofthedigitalworld.oneleadingrest saidthegovernmes einternet .”今天,普京对互联网推测是“CIA(cia )的项目”,俄罗斯著名的活动家和数字最近政府回答说“积极开展行动抑制网络”。“sincei’mobviouslyabelieverinfreemarkets,”Mr. Durov said, “it’shardformetounderstandthecurrentdirection Russia’seconomyisalsoincreasinglyisolated, withitscurrencyplummetingamidwesternsanctions.thegovernmentisnowpredictingarecessionfornextyear.MR.Putin’sbigccis oil Prices which Mr.durov calls“the only chance”foreconomicandpoliticalreform .俄罗斯经济日益孤立无援,由于西方各国的制裁货币大幅上涨。

俄罗斯政府现在预测本国经济明年将衰退。油价大幅暴跌是普京面临的巨大挑战,杜罗夫说这是开展经济和政治改革的“唯一机会”。“When the petrol prices are high,thereisnoincentiveforthosereforms,”he said .“itcanstaylikethisforever; 他说,“nobody really cares .”“如果汽油价格高,就没有改革的动机。

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” “过去的状态不会持续下去,没有人在乎。》As the tensions in Russia play out,MR.Durovsaysheisfocusedontelegram,which he started last year .在俄罗斯国内经常出现紧张感,杜罗夫有反应,目前备受关注There will be no outside investors,he says,no ads and no marketing,and it is available free, thoughheislikelytoeventuallychargeforadditionalservices.hesayshehasabout 50 million users,almost entirely outside Russia .这个应用程序他回答说,Telegram现在约有5000万用户,全部来自俄罗斯以外的国家。MR.Durovlearnedprogrammingfromhisbrother,Nikolai, amathematicianandmr.durov’s right-handmanatvkontakteannet theyoungermr.durovwascodinghisownversionsofgamesliketetris.thetwow cientchina,whichthey尼古拉斯是数学家,也是杜罗夫在VKontakte和Telegram的得力助手。

11岁的时候,杜洛夫没有写自己版本的游戏,比如俄罗斯方块。兄弟俩开发了名为《老子军团》(Lao Unit )的背景原作在古代中国的策略游戏。

At St. Petersburg State University,MR.Durovstudiedlinguistics.Inlieuofmilitaryservice,He Trained In PAGanda Genghis Khan And NPOO andhelearnedtomakepostersaimedatinfluencingforeignsoldiers .位于圣彼得堡国立大学(st.petersburgstateunivers )。他拒绝接受宣传训练,而不是服兵役,选择了研究孙子、成吉思汗和拿破仑的自由。

他还自学了如何制作恢复外国军队军心的海报。theposterssaidthingslike“you are surrounded,surrender,there’SnO hope, “ortheywouldsuggesttoforeignsoldiersthat“someotherguyisentertaininghimselfwithyourwife”“here called .这些海报上写着“你们hismaine l network.afriendwhostudiedinamericashowedhimfacebook,then in its infancy,andhelearned介绍在美国自学的朋友当时还赶上的Facebook “somethingslikethelayoutoftheearlyvkontaktewasveryinfluencedbyfacebook, 》MR.Durov SAID .“OTherwiseitcouldtakeage Andiwasnotaprofessionaldesigner .”“VKontakte的初始页面布局等,不受Facebook影响的相当大” “否则,完成可能需要很长时间,但我不是专业设计师。》healsorecruitedfellowlinguisticsstudentstobuildatabasecateringtothepost-sovietuniversitysystem,astephesaidgavevkontakte“atremendouscompetitiveadvantage .”也请语言学专家同学来这给Vkontakte带来了“巨大的竞争优势”,他说。In 2007,hedecidedtoallowuserstouploadaudioandvideofiles, withoutregardtocopyright.suchpolicieshavedrawncriticismfromtheunitedstatestraderepresentativeandlawsuitsfrommajorrrecordlable “somepeopletoldmewheniwasimplementingitthatiwouldgotojailthenextday,“he said. “I was very careless .””“我这样做的时候“我显然不在乎”。

》demonstration sin 2011 overparliamentaryelectionsresultedinagovernmentshowdown.duringtheswatstandoffathishomethatfollowed之后“irealizedidon’thaveasafemeansofcommunicationswithhim,”he said,adding, that’showtelegramstarted .”telegramiscompetinginacrowdedfieldofmessagingappsthatpromisevaryingdegreesofsecurity.telegramhass butitwasratedrespectablyinarecentevaluationbytheelectronicfrontierfoundation.thetelegramcompany,Berlin based in, hasadeliberatelycomplexstructureofscatteredglobalshellcompaniesintendedtokeepitastepaheadofsubpoenasfromanyonegovernment.to tee Telegram公司的总部设在柏林,故意设计简单的结构,由世界各地的幽灵公司组成,试图比任何国家的政府收到的发票领先一步。“thisisveryunusualforrussianentrepreneurs,to succeed outside of Russia,”said Sergei Guriev是aprominenteconomistwhofledrussialastys 去年逃离俄罗斯的著名经济学家谢尔盖格里耶夫(Sergei Guriev )说:“俄罗斯创始人在本国以外成功,并不奇怪。” “在很多方面,他可能不是普通人,但他意味着著是个才华横溢的创业者。

》when Mr.durovsoldhisstakeinvkontaktelastdecember是therewasspeculationitwasworthafewhundredmilliondollars.Mr.durovwouldnotge 杜洛夫说他签订了保密协议,没能泄露明确的数字。“In my days in Russia,I visited some very rich guys,”he said. “I visited big ships,private airplanes,houses-and”“我是他们的大型游艇,私人飞机,豪宅我准确地说,我不希望自己变成这样。“I’MveryhaPPyrightnowwithoutanyProPertyanywhere,”He Added .“IConsidermyselfalegalcitizenoftheworld .”“现在,我要让自己成为这个世界的合法公民。


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