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阿里巴巴面临的敏感商品难题
时间:2021-01-19 来源:888am集团登录入口 浏览量 58306 次
本文摘要:the high-strength carbon fibre made by Japan ' s toray industries is eagerly sought after by the makers of racing bikes and jet air craft;to be perfect for supersonic centrifuges used to enrich the uranium in nuclear bombs。

the high-strength carbon fibre made by Japan ' s toray industries is eagerly sought after by the makers of racing bikes and jet air craft;to be perfect for supersonic centrifuges used to enrich the uranium in nuclear bombs。日本东利工业股份公司(Toray Industries)生产的高强度碳纤维很受赛车和喷气式飞机制造商的欢迎,For that reason,Trade in the company ' s High-strength T700 Filament Is Carefully Connection.要想在这家东京公司订购这种碳纤维,必须有日本庆山城(METI)发行的出口许可证和2页的最终用户证书。but for those who do not want The hassle,there is another place to find suppliers which will not ask so many questions 3360 Alibaba.com,The com也有可以找到阿里巴巴集团(Alibaba Group)旗下的Alibaba.com网站——阿里巴巴集团(Alibaba Group)的Alibaba.com网站。

阿里巴巴集团最近在美国上市,发表了历史上第三大公开订阅(IPO)。“Alibaba is A virtual super market for proliferation-sensitive items used in the process of producing nuclear weapons,says nick gils A reapons”“virtually every dual-use item needed for a pre To produce nuclear weapons is advertised for sale on Alibaba。

”伦敦大学国王学院(Kings College)防止核扩散研究中心Project Alpha研究员尼克吉拉德(Nick Gillard)高强度铝合金、马氏体时效钢(可用作离心分离机转子)、高级真空泵和稀释过程中未使用的量纲都可以通过该网站销售。“核扩散者生产核武器所需的所有军民两用物品都可以在阿里巴巴网站上找到。”these items all have civilian uses as well,Which makes their regulation complicated . these and dozens of other categories of " dual-USS "因为这些商品都可以用于民间,所以一起管制更加困难。

上述商品——还有数十种军民两用商品3354受核供应国集团(NSG)控制。核供应国集团由包括中国在内的48个国家组成,实行出口许可和最终用户证明制度,拒绝在证明文件中列出商品的最终目的地,并保证商品可以出口或转让。联合国安理会(UN Security Council)的多项决议也明确禁止向伊朗出口军民两用商品。but China has become a hub for illicit nuclear procurement,According to Mr Gillard and other authorities on non-proliferation . this is parametersand because of what one western diplomat calls a ' flexible ' attitude towards regulation of the trade .但是吉拉德说,核不扩散领域的其他权威人士认为中国融为一体,他们认为中国制造业令人印象深刻,这是导致这种局面的部分原因。

另一个原因是,一位西方外交官所说的中国对交易监管的“灵活性”态度。a report by the UN Iran Sanctions Committee panel of experts in June gave details of 30 recent interdictions in various countries of finished goods and这些禁令或禁令包括将成品和原材料运往伊朗或未知参与非法核材料交易。

其中20项禁令与从中国配送或原产于中国的商品有关,还包括高强度铝合金、湿气炉、不锈钢波纹管、电池等可用作伊朗“违禁活动”的物品。most of these items are for sale on Alibaba.com,which functions as A global yellow pages for wholesale manufactures,and also listed on A chii这些项目大部分在Alibaba.com和1688.com上销售。Alibaba Is better Known for its Retail Ecommerce Websites Taobao and TM all,But the business-to-business Sites阿里巴巴旗下最有名的是电子商务零售网站淘宝网(Taobao),截至6月30日的12个月里,阿里巴巴第三方经销商通过阿里巴巴国内平台共销售近3000亿美元的商品,超过亚马逊和ebay的总和。

这么大的销售额——比去年增长快63354,这说明了西方投资者为什么涌向阿里巴巴股票。analysts say Alibaba has done nothing illegal,Noting that the avail ability of sensitive merchandise on its sites is similar to other third-part分析人士回应说,阿里巴巴的不道德行为并不违法。他们认为,该公司网站上脆弱的商品问题与其他互联网企业不存在的第三方问题相似,例如谷歌(Google)的正版音乐问题、易趣(eBay)的异读化学品问题。

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军民两用物品具有合法的民用用途的事实使这种物品的控制非常困难。在中国,主管部门在强迫执法人员方面力量不足,问题最引人注目。“Alibaba.com is an open,User-generated-content platform which strongly supports and abides by all international laws and rules rulesAlibaba.com has robust product listing policies in place and will co-operate with law enforcement authorities works Ble matic product listings properate“阿里巴巴在声明中表示:“Alibaba.com是一个对外开放的用户分解内容平台,反对和遵守有关核扩散的国际法规。Alibaba.com享有不愿意与全球执法机关合作的完善产品下架制度,一接到通知就不会去除问题产品信息。

”With its listing in the us lastweek,which raised $ 25bn,Alibaba became the second-largest web company in the world by market capity behes阿里巴巴最近在美国上市,融资250亿美元,按市值计算,沦为继谷歌之后世界第二大互联网企业。上市后,阿里巴巴应拒绝美国监管机构的监管。这可能意味着阿里巴巴需要对其网站上不存在的众多问题商品——采取更严厉的处置措施,从假礼物、正品电子产品到核脆弱材料3354。

“having this type of interaction possible online clearly does make proliferation easier”says Matthew gods ey,A researcher at the Wisconsin“it makes it quicker for someone attempting To procure an item for a weapons progrom To find someone able To supply it who either doesn ' t know or doees威斯康辛核武器控制研究项目(Wisconsin project on nuct)研究人员马修戈德西(Matthew Godsey)表示:“在网络上进行这种对话似乎更容易实现核扩散。”想通过网络向某个武器项目订购材料的人很容易找到能收到那个东西的人。后者不通知或不关心买家订购那东西的用途。“Uncontrolled Chinese exports of carbon fibre gained attention after the revelation that a shipment of 7,600 kg of toray t700 carbon filamentthe seizure was reveals Is summer in a UN report。

今年夏天联合国发表的一份报告显示,2012年12月,总重量为7600公斤的托里T700碳纤维在从中国运往伊朗途中被新加坡海关救出。碳纤维不受控制的情况下,从中国流入的问题引起了公众的注意。the shipment contained carbon fibre in sufficient quantities to make centrifuges for a nuclear enrichment facility the size of for Dow,According根据project alpha的研究,这种碳纤维的数量足够生产Fordow等大型核稀释设施所需的离心机。

toray said it was aiding the un investigation And could not discuss the details of the case,And declined to name the Chinese counter party . toray ss“said toray . it neverdoes repeat business with when we see our product online we do our best to inform the merchant and thethen Su ally remove it”董丽回答说:“你知道吗?”一旦在网上看到我们的产品,我们就不会尽力让商家知道。他们一般不会把这个商品从架子上拿下来。

“如果发现违反最终用户证明规定的经销商,东丽总有一天会终止商务。the ft contacted multiple sellers of proliferation-sensitive technologies in China foundvia Alibaba.com And 1688.com,And all said they were这些卖家都回答说,在没有许可和最终用户证明的情况下销售商品——很长时间内,这种交易必须要有这个证明。许多商人回答说,他们不知道这些商品正在受到出口限制或许可。

他们还回答说,中国没有控制他们的商品,也没有拒绝出口许可。中国海关没有回答FT记者书面明确提出的问题。

three factories which advertised toray t700 high-strength carbon fibre on 1688.com were contacted by an ft reporter posing as a buyer seeking 000kg on“Japan imposes restrictions on exports But when we export from China,It depends on what we report It as to the customs。”he said“there should be no problems”if the material is reported as textile fibre instant On fibre。一名FT记者冒充买家,试图销售4000公斤T700高强度碳纤维3354,购买量达到新加坡救援量的一半3354,并与在1688.com网站上宣传这种不受管制商品的3家企业取得了联系。

三家都不包括文件,不愿意在国内销售该产品——,这只是违反了需要最终用户证明的规定。其中一人还表示,不会帮助买家逃避出口控制。

这个山东省的卖家在电话中回答说:“(托里T700碳纤维)进口不如出口。”日本对这种产品有出口允许,从中国出口的时候要看我们是怎么向海关申报的。

“他说,如果用纺织纤维代替碳纤维申报产品,就会有“问题”。other Chinese factories manufacturing dual-use goods advertised on Alibaba.com Said export controls were not an issue . Shanghai cixi Y and Shanghai上海陶瓷熙基机械有限公司(Shanghai Cixi Instrument Company)和上海自满金属制品有限公司都在生产核供应国集团相关监管对象产品,但在采访中均做出了回应。Alibaba is not the only site selling nuclear sensitive items . in may,King ' s college researchers were able to buy a controlled MKS pressure trate阿里巴巴不是销售核脆弱物质的唯一网站。今年5月,金斯学院的研究人员通过易趣从一家中国经销商那里销售了MKS压力传感器。

Ian Stewart,one of the researchers,said the merchant did not request an end-user certificate,Nor did the merchant have an export license研究人员伊恩斯图尔特(Ian Stewart)中的一名压力传感器可用于控制铀离心稀释,据说从本世纪初开始,伊朗的核计划非法订购了数千台压力传感器。some factories that have been targeted by sanctions for procuring and producing nuclear-sensitive materials have listings on Alibaba . mar一些因订购和生产核脆弱物质而受到制裁的工厂也经常出现在阿里巴巴网站的卖家名单上。

因在伊朗阿拉克重水反应堆的工作而受到欧盟(EU)、美国和其他国家制裁的Machine Sazi Arak也在该网站的供应商名单中显示为锅炉、热电和石化设备供应商。“when it comes to Alibaba ' s respons I bility,I think this is a tricky one .it would be very hard for Alibaba to monitor all the interactions that take place on its site,“said Mr gods ey .“however,it would be reasonable to expect the company to block companies that have been sanctioned by the un,the eer Or others for proliferation戈德西表示:“谈到阿里巴巴的责任,我指出这是一个非常棘手的问题。阿里巴巴很难监控该网站的所有交易。

但是阿里巴巴当然禁止因核扩散而受到联合国、欧盟或其他方面制裁的企业利用网站进行业务和订购商品。”Alibaba ' s popularity as a place for sellers of sensitive technology to advertise has prompted tougher efforts to crack down on listings that falle company ' s guidelines prohibiting“weapons of mass destruction[WMD]Or its known associated agents”。

a series of advertisements for uranium and gallium,Which is used in the production of plutonium warheads for nuclear bombs,Was taken down own禁止销售Alibaba网站规定、“生化、化学、核武器、其他大规模杀伤性武器及其服务获取、解释、咨询、生产、补贴和违反国际法相关规定的信息”。脆弱的技术卖家讨厌在阿里巴巴网站上销售商品,促使阿里巴巴采取更大的措施调查违反该规定的商品信息。

今年以来,一系列铀和镓(可用作生产核弹的弹头)广告被删除,或变成了引人注目的无核用途。但是9月25日,一名销售铀的卖家仍然在1688.com网站上做广告,但允许销售范围。该企业名为灵寿县湖泰矿产品加工厂,决定只接受国内订单,拒绝出口。


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